Architectural Review & Zoning Appeals

To preserve the historic character and architectural details of the neighborhood, Bolton Hill was designated a Baltimore City historic district in 1967, followed by being listed on the National Register of Historic Places, a testament to its national historic importance. BHCA’s Architectural Review Committee (ARC) must review all changes to the exterior of buildings in Bolton Hill, including windows, doors, lighting, painting, additions, fencing, and landscaping. ARC then makes a recommendation whether to approve the project to the City’s Commission for Historical and Architectural Preservation (CHAP). CHAP gives the final approval and permit to proceed with exterior work.

ARC is composed of neighbors who live in Bolton Hill. They understand how costly it can be to maintain older buildings and can provide guidance and recommendations in addition to their review role for CHAP. Helpful information is also on the CHAP website, including Design Guidelines that must be followed. For questions and assistance on exterior property changes, you may contact ARC by email at architecture@boltonhillmd.org or call CHAP at 410-396-4866. 

The Baltimore City zoning code allows for certain uses of property in Bolton Hill. Generally when a zoning variance is sought, the property owner must meet with BHCA to obtain the community’s support before a zoning variance can be granted through a zoning appeal. Information about the zoning code and zoning appeals is available on the Department of Housing and Community Development website. Email BHCA’s zoning committee at zoning@boltonhillmd.org to learn more.

CHAP Review Process for Exterior Property Changes

If you are a homeowner or developer planning exterior changes of any kind to your home in Bolton Hill, PLAN AHEAD! Keep in mind that the approval process could take a month. Your plans must be reviewed and approved before they can take place, so consult ARC early on, as it’s to the benefit of property owners to consult ARC whenever contemplating an exterior change to their property.

Before undertaking any exterior work, property owners must submit an application to ARC. Complete a CHAP Application-for-Notice-to-Proceed describing the work that you propose. Download the application here. Be sure to include all photos and supporting materials in the application.

Then, email your application to the current ARC chairperson and CHAP planner at the same time. Sending them concurrently speeds up the review process. Contact information for both is included in the application.

Although not required, it is helpful to attend the ARC meeting when your application will be reviewed. The committee generally meets on the third Wednesday of each month at 7:30 p.m. at the Maryland Institute College of Art’s Gateway Building, 1601 Mt. Royal Avenue, Room 101. Minor changes and repairs that comply with the Design Guidelines may be approved by CHAP without a formal presentation to ARC, but that determination is made by ARC.

Provided that ARC recommends and CHAP affirms approval, CHAP will issue a Notice to Proceed directly to the property owner, who may then obtain a City building permit and undertake the planned improvements. Please affix the Notice to Proceed and building permit inside a front window of the house.

If an owner performs work on a building without first obtaining a Notice to Proceed and a building permit, he or she may be subject to housing code violations and fines.

Since Bolton Hill is an historic district, your renovation or rehabilitation project may qualify for tax credits through the  Baltimore City’s Historic Tax Credit Program and/or the Maryland Historic Revitalization Tax Credit Program, which must be approved before work on the house begins.

Zoning Review Process for Adding Dwelling Units

Adding dwelling units to an existing property in Bolton Hill is illegal, unless a zoning variance is obtained. Subject to minimum zoning requirements, a zoning variance must be supported by BHCA and then approved by the city council with an ordinance introduced by the councilman. The property owner must first contact and meet with BHCA’s zoning committee on the proposed conversion, and the committee will recommend to the BHCA board whether to support it. As long as BHCA supports a conversion, the councilman generally supports it as well. The minimum zoning requirements to add dwelling units to an existing property are as follows:

    • At least 750 square feet of lot area for each unit;
    • At least 750 square feet of gross floor area for a 1-bedroom unit; 1,000 square feet for a 2-bedroom unit; 1,250 square feet for a 3-bedroom unit; and
    • At least one parking spot on the property for each unit.

These requirements apply regardless of whether the property is owner-occupied or fully or partially rented.

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